Grulich (Kraliky in Czech) – a city located 4 km away from the Polish-Czech car border crossing in Boboszów. The city presently has about 5000 inhabitants. The oldest trustworthy record about this place dates back to 1367. The proper town came to being as late as in the 16th century and the first record about it dates back to 1568. In 1577 the town and ten neighbouring villages were bought by Zdeněk of Valdštejn. Zdeněk z Valdštejna chose the town of Králíky as the residence of his new manor and began to develop it. Except the manor house, vicarage and protestant oratory (today’s church of St. Michael Archangel), he had the square built into today’s shape and to his request emperor Rudolf II granted the town a privilege to hold three annual fairs. In the surroundings iron ore was probably mined and perhaps silver, too, and at that time the town was supposed to get two crossed mining hammers with a sword into its heraldry.
Near the curative springs over the town bishop Tobias Jan Becker, a native of Grulich, had in the years of 1696-1710 a monumental pilgrimage complex built. A lot of visitors came to this pilgrimage place and poor inhabitants of the Grulich region made living on these pilgrimages. Production and sale of souvenirs boomed. Woodcarving began to develop, and Christmas cribs and wooden characters that can be seen up to today all over the world are reminders of this. The Christmas cribs were even sold in America as “the genuine Wiener cribs”. Also other crafts were not left behind, especially organ building and weaving. Many cathedrals and churches all over the Czech Republic can be proud of their organs from organ masters of Grulich. One of the most considerable organ can be found in the Prague’s Loreta, many others will only wait for their recognition.
The photograph is a postcard from the 19th century which shows the city square and pilgrimage complex.
“At Rockyzan’s request, Podiebrad assigned them for an asylum, a district in the country of Litiz, on the borders of Silesia and Moravia, where he allowed them to form a settlement in which they might enjoy perfect liberty of conscience, and a free exercise of their religious principles. To this spot, a considerable number of nobles, citizens, and clergy, removed from Prague and other parts, who united together with the resolution to brave all dangers, in order to preserve their religious liberty, and at the same time to suffer all things, rather than take up arms against their enemies, as the Taborites had done. These Christians not only adhered stedfastly to the doctrine of John Huss, but they were enabled, by the assistance of the Spirit of God, to make further progress in the course on which he had entered.”
This blog is for all the people whose surname is Katzer. I hope that thanks to the web site they will become interested in their roots which geographically originate from the place called Grulich in The Moravian Region and villages surrounding the area. I believe that visiting this web site will encourage you to learn more about movement of Jan Huß, religious wars connected with it and taking place in the middle of the 15th century and about the history of the Bohemian Brothers Church. All these historical facts are entwined with the genesis of the surname Katzer. Nicolas Katzer, the court astronomer of Henry VIII is the oldest certified person by the name of Katzer we know.