Monthly Archives: April 2013

KatzerWeb – WWW

http://www.akatzer.at – “Ihr  Papierfachgeschaft im Zentrum Wiens”

http://www.katzer13.com/ – Markus Katzer

http://www.katzer-construction-consulting-inc.com/ – “Pre-Development Services …”

http://www.arboristconsultant.net – “Ivan Katzer, Board Certified Master Arborist”

http://www.architekturbuero-katzer.de – “ArchitektBiuro Michael Katzer”

http://www.danjakatzer.at – “Danja Katzer photography”

http://www.denis-katzer.com – “A journey of 30 years – the longest expedition ever”

http://www.dietmar-katzer.de – “Katzer Hammelburg – Willkommen auf der privaten Seite”

http://www.dr-katzer.de – “Dr. Hans Katzer Rechtsanwalt”

http://www.frank-katzer.de/ – Frank Katzer

http://www.georgkatzer.de – “Georg Katzer wurde 1935 in Habelschwerdt geboren.”

http://www.getraenke-katzer.de – “Getranke und Weinhandel Katzer”

http://www.hannelore-katzer.homepage.t-online.de/ – ”Willkommen In der Ferienwohnung”

http://www.katzer-zahntechnik.de – “Hedenta Zahntechnik GmbH”

http://www.katzer-bestattungen.de -“Bestattungsunternehmen Katzer ”

http://www.katzer-printvision.de – “Wir lassen keine Wünsche offen.”

http://www.katzer-gmbh.com/ – Kompetenz in Druck und Werbung

http://www.katzer-haustechnik.de/ – “We’re not quite there yet, but we’re getting there!”

http://www.katzer-web.de – “Wenn Sie Daten uber Ihre Vorfahren haben…”

http://www.katzersbushidokan.net/ – “Welcome to the Katzer’s Bushidokan website”

http://www.katzer.at – “Welcome at Apartment Katzer”

http://www.katzer.com.br – “With an industrial park of 12 thousand square meters…”

http://www.katzer.cz – “Digitalmedia Systems s.r.o.”

http://www.katzer.de/ – this is my private homepage

http://www.katzer-neumann.de – “Wir erleichtern Ihnen das Leben durch…”

http://www.katzers.de – “…the origin of the Katzers is somewhere in Bohemia or Moravia…”

http://www.meckatzer-braeu-engel.de/ – “Wir bieten Ihnen kulinarische Speisen von …”

http://www.olafkatzer.de – “Foto, Projekte, Forerunner 305”

http://www.scottkatzer.com/ – Scott Katzer

http://www.sebastiankatzer.de – “Musikproduktion”

http://www.silvanakatzer.de – “Redakteurin/Sprecherin”

http://www.simon-katzer.de – “Fotodesign”

http://www.tanja-katzer.de – “Auf folgenden Seiten mochte ich mich Ihnen vorstellen und…”

http://www.tobias-katzer.de/ – Design your Dimensions – Quantensprünge der Veränderung

http://www.tonstudio-katzer.de – “Wilkommen im Tonstudio Katzer”

http://www.ullikatzer.at/ – “Lieber Besucher, willkommen auf meiner Homepage !”

http://www.weinstube-katzer.de – “Weinstube Katzer”

http://www.wolfgangkatzer.com – “Willkommen auf der Webseite von Wolfgang Katzer”

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“At Rockyzan’s request, Podiebrad assigned them for an asylum, a district in the country of Litiz, on the borders of Silesia and Moravia, where he allowed them to form a settlement in which they might enjoy perfect liberty of conscience, and a free exercise of their religious principles. To this spot, a considerable number of nobles, citizens, and clergy, removed from Prague and other parts, who united together with the resolution to brave all dangers, in order to preserve their religious liberty, and at the same time to suffer all things, rather than take up arms against their enemies, as the Taborites had done. These Christians not only adhered stedfastly to the doctrine of John Huss, but they were enabled, by the assistance of the Spirit of God, to make further progress in the course on which he had entered.”

Bohemian Brethren according to Encyclopedia Americana

Bohemian Brethren; the name of a Christian sect, which arose in Bohemia, about the middle of the 15th century, from the remains of the stricter sort of Hussites. Dissatisfied with the advances towards popery, by which the Calixtines had made themselves the ruling party in Bohemia, they refused to receive the compacts, as they were called, i. e., the articles of agreement between that party and the council at Basil (30th Nov. 1433), and began, about 1457, under the direction of a clergyman, Michael Bradatz, to form themselves into separate parishes, to hold meetings of their own, and to distinguish themselves from the rest of the Hussites by the name of Brothers, or Brothers’ Union; but they were often confounded by their opponents with the Waldenses and Picards, and, on account of their seclusion, were called Cavern-hunters (Grübenheimer). Amidst the hardships and oppressions which they suffered from the Calixtines and Catholics, without making any resistance, their numbers increased so much, through their constancy in their belief and the purity of their morals, that, in 1500, their parishes amounted to 200, most of which had chapels belonging to them. The peculiarities of their religious belief arc seen in their confessions of faith, especially their opinions with regard to the Lord’s supper. They rejected the idea of transubstantiation, and admitted only a mystical spiritual presence of Christ in the Eucharist. In other points, they took the Scriptures as the ground of their doctrines throughout, and for this, but more especially for the constitution and discipline of their churches, received the approbation of the reformers of the 16th century. This constitution of theirs was framed according to the accounts which remain of the oldest apostolic churches. They aimed to restore the primitive purity of Christianity, by the exclusion of the vicious from their communion, and by making three degrees of excommunication, as well as by the careful separation of the sexes, and the distribution of the members of their society into three classes—the beginners, the proficients and the perfect. Their strict system of superintendence, extending even to the minute details of domestic life, did much towards promoting this object. To carry on their system, they had a multitude of officers, of different degrees: viz. ordaining bishops, seniors and conseniors, presbyters or preachers, deacons, aediles and acolytes, among whom the management of the ecclesiastical, moral and civil affairs of the community was judiciously distributed. Their first bishop received his ordination from a Waldensian bishop, though their churches held no communion with the Waldenses in Bohemia. They were destined, however, to experience a like fate with that oppressed sect. When, in conformity to their principle not to perform military service, they refused to take up arms in the Smalkaldic war against the Protestants, Ferdinand took their churches from them, and, in 1548, 1000 of their society retired into Poland and Prussia, where they at first settled in Marienwerder. The agreement which they concluded at Sendomir (Sandomierz), 14th April, 1570, with the Polish Lutherans and Calvinistic churches, and still more the Dissenters’ Peace Act of the Polish convention, 1572, obtained toleration for them in Poland, where they united more closely with the Calvinism under the persecutions of the Swedish Sigismund, and have continued in this connection to the present day. Their brethren, who remained in Moravia and Bohemia, recovered a certain degree of liberty under Maximilian II, and had their chief residence at Fulnek, in Moravia, and hence have been called Moravian Brethren. The issue of the 30 years’ war, which terminated so unfortunately for the Protestants, occasioned the entire destruction of their churches, and their last bishop, Comenius, who had rendered important services in the education of youth, was compelled to fly. From this time, they made frequent emigrations, the most important of which took place in 1722, and occasioned the establishment of the new churches of the Brethren by count Zinzendorf. Although the old Bohemian Brethren must be regarded as now extinct, this society will ever deserve remembrance, as a quiet guardian of Christian truth and piety, in times just emerging from the barbarity of the middle ages; as a promoter of pure morals, such as the reformers of the 16th century were unable to establish in their churches; and as the parent of the esteemed and widely extended association of the United Brethren, whose constitution has been modelled after theirs.

katzer, kačer, ketzer, kacor

Czech (Kačer), Slovak (Káčer): from Czech kačer ‘drake’, probably applied as a nickname for someone with some fancied resemblance to a drake. Hungarian (Kaczér): nickname from kaczér ‘immoral’, ‘narcissistic’, ‘seductive’. Katzer derivative of the Old High German personal name Cazo, of uncertain origin. Silesian (also kether, ketzer, katzer): from Middle High German ketzer ‘heretic’, ‘freethinker’, ‘sodomite’. Germanized form of Serbian kacor ‘drake’.

Nicolas Katzer (1486/7 – after 1550)

Nicolas Katzer (1486/7 – after 1550) was a German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer. He was also an instrument maker, and is thought to have collaborated with Hans Holbein the Younger (1497/8-1543), one of the most important artists of the XVI century, who included complex instruments in a number of his works. The miniature portrait (ca 1530) depicts Katzer with an armillary sphere; it is one of the earliest known English examples of miniature portraiture. The armillary sphere is a common object in depictions of astronomers; it has long been a symbol of learning. But unlike the instruments painted in Holbein’s portrait, the armillary sphere in the miniature is crudely drawn. This is often the case with portrayals of a complex instrument, but it is unusual given Katzer’s employment as an instrument maker and his probable involvement with Holbein’s other paintings featuring instruments. Again the identification of Katzer, or at least his involvement with the painting, comes into question.

Born in Munich, Katzer came to England between 1516 and 1518. He had studied at Cologne and Wittenberg. In England he established himself as part of the artistic and scientific circle around Sir Thomas More. Katzer tutored More’s children in mathematics and astronomy. He was also teaching at Oxford (probably in 1523-4). More introduced him at court in much the same way as he had their mutual friend Hans Holbein. In the same manner as Holbein, Katzer’s talents obtained him a court position as astronomer and clock maker to the King. Both Holbein and Katzer were employed at the court of King Henry VIII, and both brought their expertise – painting and instrument making respectively – to England from the Continent. Katzer also collaborated with Holbein on producing maps and the artist in turn produced a full-sized portrait of Katzer in 1528 which now hangs in the Louvre. It depicts the craftsman surrounded by the tools of his trade. His close relationship with Holbein and More can also be observed in his annotations of Holbein’s draft for his portrait of the More family. Katzer identifies the various family members (including Henry Patenson, More’s ‘fool’) and their ages for the benefit of More’s friend, the theologian Erasmus.

Katzer made many sundials and clocks for Henry VIII because at that time mathematical objects like sundials were very highly sought after. People who owned mathematical instruments used them to show that they were learned and cultured. This means that they wanted to show that they understood the new mathematical theories of the time and that they appreciated beautiful and complicated things. Nicholas Katzer in about 1533 made a sundial called a ‘polyhedral dial’ (made in a complicated shape) for Cardinal Wolsey. Cardinal Wolsey was one of Henry VIII’s archbishops before Henry divorced his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, and was excommunicated from the Catholic Church, following which the Church of England became Protestant. We know it was made for Cardinal Wolsey because it has his coat of arms engraved on it as well as two pictures of a cardinal’s hat. It can be used to tell the time in a number of different ways from the position of the sun. It is a very precious object and is completely covered in gold (Museum of the History of Science, Oxford).

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